A census is the procedure of gathering and recording information about the members of a population. Scotland’s Census is the official count of every person and household which takes place once every ten years.

The information collected paints a picture of local communities and nationwide trends. Census statistics are vital to help to plan for the future - in making decisions about the transport we need, the housing, schools and local services, and in helping to allocate funding for these national and local services. The census is run by the National Records of Scotland (NRS) which produces a wide range of regular, high quality, professional statistics.