Employment status

Mnemonic reference (code): EMPSTAT

Type: Primary variable

Definition: Indicates whether a person is an employee, self-employed without employees or self-employed with employees.

Applicability: Person


Code Name
1 Employee
2 Self-employed or freelance without employees
3 Self-employed with employees
X No code required

Total number of categories: 4

Not applicable category (X) comprises: All schoolchildren and students living away from home during term-time, all those aged under 16 and all those aged 16 and over who are not in employment.

Source question:

Image of Scottish question 31 from 2011

England & Wales (2011) and Scotland (2001) comparisons:

Image of Scottish question 26 from 2001

Scotland 2001

Aside from a change in wording and the order of the tick boxes, the question remains similar and should be comparable to the 2011 question.

Image of England & Wales question 26 from 2001

England & Wales 2011

England & Wales have exactly the same question in their 2011 questionnaire as Scotland and will therefore be directly comparable.


To see which of our published standard, additional and commissioned tables use this variable please use the Table Index.